Frequency of Amblyopia in Pediatric Age Group

Authors

  • Iqra Khan Department of Ophthalmology, Sheikh Zayed Medical College, Rahim Yar Khan.
  • Razaullah Khan Department of Ophthalmology, Sheikh Zayed Medical College, Rahim Yar Khan.
  • Muhammad Ajmal Chaudhary Department of Ophthalmology, Sheikh Zayed Medical College, Rahim Yar Khan.
  • Muhammad Younis Tahir Quaid e Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur.
  • Sajjad Muhammad Haider Department of Ophthalmology, Sheikh Zayed Medical College, Rahim Yar Khan.
  • Salah ud Din Arbi Department of Ophthalmology, Sheikh Zayed Medical College, Rahim Yar Khan.

Keywords:

Amblyopia, Children, Screening, Anisometropic.

Abstract

Background: Poor visual acuity (VA) in amblyopic children affects their performance in school and in daily life resulting in a negative impact on the career with increased burden on the community. Amblyopia care programs requires data to plan strategies for increasing awareness, screening and education of the amblyopic patients and their parents about refractive error (RE) correction and patching.

Objective: To determine the frequency of amblyopia in pediatric age group.

Study type, settings & duration: A cross-sectional prospective study was carried out at eye outpatient department (OPD) of Sheikh Zayed Medical College, Rahim Yar Khan from May to November 2022.  

Methodology: A total of 160 children were included in the study. The participants of both genders, between the ages of 6-13 years, presented with a complaint of decreased vision were included while the participants with organic ocular diseases were excluded. Detailed history and ophthalmic examination was carried out including VA recording, cycloplegic refraction and fundoscopy. Amblyopia was diagnosed in children in which best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was below normal.

Results: Mean age of our patients was 8.99±1.64 years. Majority of these patients 106 (66.25%) were between the age of 6 to 9 years. Out of these 160 patients, 101 (63.13%) were male and 59 (36.87%) were females. Frequency of amblyopia was found in 09 (5.63%) patients.

Conclusion: This study concluded that there is high frequency of amblyopia in children between the ages of 06-13 years. So, this particular age group should be given special consideration for early ..........

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Published

2024-02-06

How to Cite

Iqra Khan, Razaullah Khan, Chaudhary, M. A., Muhammad Younis Tahir, Sajjad Muhammad Haider, & Salah ud Din Arbi. (2024). Frequency of Amblyopia in Pediatric Age Group. Pakistan Journal of Medical Research, 62(4), 158–162. Retrieved from https://pjmr.org.pk/index.php/pjmr/article/view/668