The Prevalence of Dyslipidemia in Patients of Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) Attending Tertiary Care Hospital Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI), Islamabad

Authors

  • Ahmed Ali Wassan Department of Endocrinolgy, Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI), Islamabad.
  • Gohar Khan Department of Endocrinolgy, Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI), Islamabad.
  • Muhammad Usman Department of Endocrinolgy, Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI), Islamabad.
  • Muaz Mubashir Department of General Medicine, Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI), Islamabad.
  • Tehseen Tanveer Department of General Medicine, Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI), Islamabad.
  • Hassan Attique Department of General Medicine, Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI), Islamabad.

Keywords:

Diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, fasting lipid profile

Abstract

Objective: Purpose of the study was to find out the prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) attending Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI) Islamabad.

Study type, settings & duration: A cross sectional study was carried out at Federal Government Poly Clinic (PGMI), Islamabad from November 2022 to January 2023.  

Methodology: The participants consisted of 125 individuals (60 males and 65 females) who had been recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Individuals who had previously been diagnosed with diabetes or were taking lipid-lowering medication were not included in the study. The levels of blood glucose fasting, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and HDL were documented by standard methods for analysis. Data was entered, cleaned and analyzed by using SPSS (Version 20.0).

Results: Of the total, 69 (55.2%) patients had hypercholesterolemia, 73 (58.4%) had hypertriglyceridemia, 63 (50.4%) had increased levels of LDL and 90 (72%) had reduced HDL. The incidence of dyslipidemia was more in female participants of diabetes mellitus as compared to male participants of diabetes mellitus.

Conclusion: This study found a high incidence of dyslipidemia among recently diagnosed patients of T2DM regardless of gender. The risk of dyslipidemia was increased by factors such as body mass index, age, waist circumference, hypertension, lack of physical activity and tobacco use. It is important to increase awareness regarding dyslipidemia and its related risk factors. Screening for dyslipidemia should be conducted early in patients with recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus, as they are more prone for  ........

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Published

2024-02-06

How to Cite

Wassan, A. A., Khan, G., Usman, M., Mubashir, M., Tanveer, T., & Attique, H. (2024). The Prevalence of Dyslipidemia in Patients of Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) Attending Tertiary Care Hospital Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI), Islamabad. Pakistan Journal of Medical Research, 62(4), 153–157. Retrieved from https://pjmr.org.pk/index.php/pjmr/article/view/526