Practice of Self-medication and its Determinants among Non-medical Adult Population of Rawalpindi

Authors

  • Sana Bilal Department of Community Medicine, Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi.
  • Rizwana Shahid Department of Community Medicine, Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi.
  • Mehjabeen Qureshi Department of Community Medicine, Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi.
  • Syed Arshad Sabir Department of Community Medicine, Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi.
  • Narjis Zaidi Department of Community Medicine, Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi.

Keywords:

Self-medication, determinants, students, urban dwellers, previous prescription

Abstract

Objective: To analyse self-medication practice and its determinants among non-medical adult population of Rawalpindi.

Study type, settings & duration: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in Rawalpindi city from April to September 2022.  

Methodology: The 382 non-medical adults were enrolled through consecutive non-probability sampling. Self-administered structured questionnaire was used to gather the information pertinent to demographics of study subjects, distance from healthcare facility, access to medicines, ways of demanding medicine from pharmacist, reasons/ ailments for self-medication and source of information about drug. The data was analysed by using SPSS version 25.0 and Microsoft Excel 2016. Chi-square test was applied to determine the association of self-medication practice with education and socio-economic status. p < 0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Out of 382 study subjects, most (54.2%) were females with mean age of 22.46±0.79 years. About 83% respondents were indulged in self-medication practice and 31.8% of them did self-medication due to quick relief from symptoms while 43.3% of the 65 persons did not indulge in self-medication due to fear of wrong use of drug. Low and middle social class had statistically significant association (p <0.001) with self-medication practice. Similarly educational level has non-significant association (p >0.05) with self-medication practice. Almost 61.8% of respondents were urban dwellers and 70% were students. About 40.14% were practicing self-medication in compliance with previous prescription.

Conclusion: Female students are more indulged in self-medication practice for getting relief of their symptoms from previously prescribed medications.

Downloads

Published

2024-02-06

How to Cite

Bilal , S., Shahid, R., Qureshi , M., Sabir , S. A., & Zaidi , N. (2024). Practice of Self-medication and its Determinants among Non-medical Adult Population of Rawalpindi. Pakistan Journal of Medical Research, 62(4), 169–175. Retrieved from https://pjmr.org.pk/index.php/pjmr/article/view/513