The Role of Family History on the Risk of Developing Breast Cancer

    Neelma Bukhari(1*), Ghulam Haider(2), Aveen Yousuf(3), Salahuddin Khan(4), Muhammad Arif Hameed(5)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of family history of breast cancer among women with breast cancer.

Study type settings & duration: This cross sectional study was carried out at the Department of Medical Oncology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi from January 2019 to July 2019.

Methodology: Total 176 females of age 26-74 years suffering from histopathological proven breast carcinoma were included in the study. The socio-demographics data and clinicopathological characteristics were recorded on the predesigned proforma. Family history regarding number and age of family members suffering from breast cancer at the time of diagnosis and degree of relationship with the patient was also obtained. The data was analysed via SPSS version 23.

Results: Out of 176 enrolled patients, 42 females had family history of breast cancer (23.8%). Among them almost all (95.2%) had one family member affected and only 2 patient had 2 family members affected by breast cancer. Out of 42, 30 patients had history in their 1st degree of relationship, followed by 2nd (n = 9) and 3rd (n = 3) degree. The most common relation affected by breast cancer was mother (47.6%), followed by sister (26.2%).

Conclusion: Family history plays a significant role in breast cancer. Positive relationship between age of the patients and age at diagnosis of breast cancer with family history showed statistical significant difference.

Keywords: Breast cancer, Family history, Histological type, Age at menopause, Degree of relationship

(1) Department of Medical Oncology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi
(2) Department of Medical Oncology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi
(3) Department of Medical Oncology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi
(4) Department of Medical Oncology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi
(5) Department of Medical Oncology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi
(*) Corresponding Author

Author Biographies

Neelma Bukhari, Department of Medical Oncology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi

PG Trainee FCPS II

She is the corresponding author who has contributed largely to the conception and design of the study, developed the methodology, have done literature survey and provide valuable input in shaping the research and in writing of the manuscript.

Ghulam Haider, Department of Medical Oncology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi

Associate Professor and Supervisor

Has performed the supervision and has also reviewed it critically for important intellectual content and made the final changes in the manuscript. 

Aveen Yousuf, Department of Medical Oncology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi

PG Trainee FCPS II

Has contributed significantly to the analysis and interpretation of data.

Salahuddin Khan, Department of Medical Oncology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi

PG Trainee FCPS II

He has reviewed the literature and wrote the manuscript with support and input from Corresponding Author Dr. Neelma Bukhari and Supervisor Dr. Ghulam Haider.

Muhammad Arif Hameed, Department of Medical Oncology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi

PG Trainee FCPS II

Requirement elicitation of data and interpretation of the results was mainly credited to him.

Published
2021-01-28
How to Cite
Bukhari, N., Haider, G., Yousuf, A., Khan, S., & Hameed, M. A. (2021). The Role of Family History on the Risk of Developing Breast Cancer. Pakistan Journal of Medical Research, 58(4), 141-146. Retrieved from https://pjmr.org.pk/index.php/pjmr/article/view/48