Comparison of Physical Activity and Dietary Habits among Clinical and Non-clinical Side Doctors
Objective: To compare the level of physical activity and dietary habits of doctors working in clinical and basic sciences disciplines to assess the risk of getting diseases.
Study type, settings & duration: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Multan Medical and Dental College and Ibn-e-Sina Hospital and Research Institute, Multan from October to December 2019.
Methodology: Self-administered questionnaire was used to inquire physical and dietary behavior. Metabolic Equivalent of task MET-minutes were determined using CDC and WHO guidelines i.e. individuals with ≤600 MET-minutes per week were considered inactive. Waist to Hip ratio was measured to determine high risk participants.
Results: A total of 97 doctors from both disciplines participated with 36 males (37.1%) and 61 females(62.9%). Overall 52.6% (N=51) of participants described doing physical activity. Further 45.1% (N=23) of Basic Side (BS) and 54.9% (N=28) Clinical Side (CS) doctors were physically active in their leisure time. Only 35.5% of BS and 35.1% of CS advised their students and patients almost daily, to perform physical exercises. Almost 67.5% of basic side and 70.2% of clinical side doctors were not taking balanced diet. Further 37.9% of BS and 43.9% of CS doctors reported having fast food 3 to 4 times a week. 55% of BS and 47.4% of CS were physical inactive. Waist to hip ratio (W:H) indicated overall 41.2% sample was at high risk for getting metabolic diseases.
Conclusion: Most doctors didn’t meet WHO guideline of physical activity and were having imbalanced diet and have sedentary life style.
(1) Multan Medical and Dental College, Multan
(2) PAEC General Hospital, Islamabad
(3) Department of Physiotherapy, Multan Medical & Dental College, Multan
(4) Multan Medical & Dental College, Multan
(5) Nishtar Medical University, Multan
(*) Corresponding Author