Comparison of Physical Activity and Dietary Habits among Clinical and Non-clinical Side Doctors

    Muhammad Abdullah Ijaz(1*), Abeera Ijaz(2), Muhammad Muneeb Ijaz(3), Mahnoor Khalid(4), Jawad Akhtar(5)

Abstract

Objective: To compare the level of physical activity and dietary habits of doctors working in clinical and basic sciences disciplines  to assess the risk of getting diseases.

Study type, settings & duration: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Multan Medical and Dental College and Ibn-e-Sina Hospital and Research Institute, Multan from October to December 2019.

Methodology: Self-administered questionnaire was used to inquire physical and dietary behavior. Metabolic Equivalent of task MET-minutes were determined using CDC and WHO guidelines i.e. individuals with ≤600 MET-minutes per week were considered inactive. Waist to Hip ratio was measured to determine high risk participants.

Results: A total of 97 doctors from both disciplines participated with 36 males (37.1%) and 61 females(62.9%).  Overall 52.6% (N=51) of participants described doing physical activity. Further 45.1% (N=23) of Basic Side (BS) and 54.9% (N=28) Clinical Side (CS) doctors were physically active in their leisure time. Only 35.5% of BS and 35.1% of CS advised their students and patients almost daily, to perform physical exercises. Almost 67.5% of basic side and 70.2% of clinical side doctors were not taking balanced diet.  Further 37.9% of BS and 43.9% of CS doctors reported having fast food 3 to 4 times a week. 55% of BS and 47.4% of CS were physical inactive. Waist to hip ratio (W:H) indicated overall 41.2% sample was  at high risk for getting metabolic diseases.

Conclusion: Most doctors didn’t meet WHO guideline of physical activity and were having imbalanced diet and have sedentary life style.

Keywords: physical activity, exercise, dietary habits, doctor’s lifestyle, physician’s health

(1) Multan Medical and Dental College, Multan
(2) PAEC General Hospital, Islamabad
(3) Department of Physiotherapy, Multan Medical & Dental College, Multan
(4) Multan Medical & Dental College, Multan
(5) Nishtar Medical University, Multan
(*) Corresponding Author
Published
2021-07-09
How to Cite
Ijaz, M. A., Ijaz, A., Ijaz, M. M., Khalid, M., & Akhtar, J. (2021). Comparison of Physical Activity and Dietary Habits among Clinical and Non-clinical Side Doctors. Pakistan Journal of Medical Research, 60(2), 69-73. Retrieved from https://pjmr.org.pk/index.php/pjmr/article/view/32