Comparison of Student and Teacher Centered Teaching Strategies in Postgraduate Ophthalmology Trainees


  • Mohammad Idris Department of Ophthalmology, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar.
  • Hasan Yaqoob Northwest General Hospital, Peshawar.
  • Bilqis Dawood Department of Medical Education, North West School of Medicine, Peshawar.
  • Muhammad Amjad Khan Government College Akbarpura, Nowshehra.
  • Eemaz Nathaniel Rehman Medical College, Peshawar.


Teaching strategies, ophthalmology, resident, teacher centered, student centered


Background: The education of students at the postgraduate level is an essential component of our teaching hospitals, which serve as the primary tertiary referral centers. Self-directed learning readiness is an important part of training and learning.

Objective: To compare students centered with teacher centered approach among first year students of fellowship training in Ophthalmology.

Study type, settings & duration: This randomized controlled trial was carried out at the Ophthalmology Unit of Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar from January to July 2015.  

Methodology: Thirty postgraduate students participated in the study. They were graded based on individual-based written assignments, individual projects including models and drawing charts, individual presentations on related topics, and an overall summative evaluation based on multiple-choice questions at the end of the course. Evaluation was conducted on group1 and 2 Using SPSS version 22.0, the data was analyzed and the results were presented in the form of tables. The t-test was used to compare mean scores for a variety of assessment scales for both groups.

Results: Mean age of the students was 28.8±1.18 years. Students score in all assessment methods were significantly better in group 1 compared to group 2 (p value <0.05 as significant) while gender wise analysis showed that it was not significant.

Conclusion: The value of student centered teaching strategy was significantly higher  as compare to teacher centered among postgraduate ophthalmology students in their first year of training in subject of orbit and oculoplastics.




How to Cite

Mohammad Idris, Hasan Yaqoob, Bilqis Dawood, Muhammad Amjad Khan, & Eemaz Nathaniel. (2022). Comparison of Student and Teacher Centered Teaching Strategies in Postgraduate Ophthalmology Trainees. Pakistan Journal of Medical Research, 61(3), 113–117. Retrieved from