Development of Psychosocial Issues Assessment Scale for Myocardial Infarction

    Tanzeela Khaliq(1), Muhammad Rafiq(2*)

Abstract

Background: The patients with myocardial infarction (MI) do not only have physiological issues but also suffer from psychological and mental health issues.

Objective: This current study aimed to explore and investigate the psychosocial issues in patients with MI.

Study type, settings & duration: This pilot study was conducted in the Government hospitals of Lahore from January 2019 to September 2019.  

Methodology: Twenty-five patients were interviewed and items were generated. After following the phases of scale development, a scale of 29 items with a 4-point Likert scale rating was given to MI patients for the pilot study which was administered to 200 MI for its validation and demographic variables.

Results: By using Principle Component Factor Analysis through Varimax Rotation, the results extracted three factors solutions, for naming the factors like psychosomatic complaints, rational restlessness, and social concerns. The scale resulted in satisfactory internal consistency and concurrent validity.

Conclusion: The current research study showed that psychosocial issues are associated with patients suffering from MI and the increase in psychosocial issues is positively enhancing the mental health problems of patients with MI.

Keywords: Psychosocial issues, myocardial infarction, mental health issues, psychosomatic complaints

(1) Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Professional Psychology, University of Management and Technology, Lahoreakistan
(2) Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Professional Psychology, University of Management and Technology, Lahore
(*) Corresponding Author
Published
2022-05-12
How to Cite
Khaliq, T., & Muhammad Rafiq. (2022). Development of Psychosocial Issues Assessment Scale for Myocardial Infarction. Pakistan Journal of Medical Research, 61(1), 8-14. Retrieved from https://pjmr.org.pk/index.php/pjmr/article/view/104