The Long-Haul COVID-19 Phenomena

    Nighat Murad(1*), Hoor Fawad Khan(2)


Year 2020 has been, for the lack of a better word, unexpected. One virus has changed the course of our lives for the worst, in a matter of days. Everything once deemed normal, something even as simple as visiting your parents, is now dangerous. With everyone in the world being directly or indirectly affected by COVID-19, studying it in order to take steps to minimize the damage it inflicts, is top priority worldwide.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).While early research on Covid-19 focused on its respiratory symptoms, it is now known that its impacts can be much more extensive and relentless both direct and indirectly.

The long-lasting effects of COVID on people, a phenomenon that has come to be known as ‘Long COVID’ or ‘Long-Haul COVID’ is also being focused. Although extensive studies have not been carried out due to the relative novelty of the virus, a household survey in UK has shown that around 186000 people (95% CI 153000–221000) experienced at least one symptom for weeks or months, of which some are life altering.2......................................

(1) PHRC, Head Office, Islamabad
(2) Bangor Hospital, UK
(*) Corresponding Author
How to Cite
Nighat Murad, & Hoor Fawad Khan. (2021). The Long-Haul COVID-19 Phenomena. Pakistan Journal of Medical Research, 59(4), 124-125. Retrieved from